Have you read the news today? Chances are there’s something happening in the world with the potential to keep you awake at night. But it’s one thing to follow the news, it’s another to act on it in a way that can backfire on you as an investor.
Journalists define news as what’s novel, startling, eye-catching, unusual or conversation-starting. Media companies use news to maximise attention and help their clients, the advertisers, to sell their products and services to you.
While news coverage also unquestionably plays a civic function, much of what is given prominence in the media day-to-day is consciously workshopped by editors to trigger an emotional reaction and build engagement.
For long-term investors, this presents a challenge. How do you differentiate between genuinely important, far-reaching and reliable information on the one hand, and cynically chosen clickbait and inconsequential beat-ups on the other? Put another way, how do you tell the difference between signal and noise?
One approach is to look at past headlines in an historical context and ask yourself how you would have fared if you had acted on those in your own portfolio.
The 20 headlines below are drawn at random from a Google search from the past 10 years, starting with the global financial crisis of 2008. Notice how many of them use dramatic, emotively-loaded adjectives and how many are purely speculative.
• ‘Stocks Plunge Worldwide on Fears of Recession’, 23 Jan, 2008; NY Times
• ‘Markets Braced for More Economic Turmoil’, 6 Oct, 2008; Telegraph UK
• ‘WHO Declares Swine Flu Pandemic’, 11, June, 2009; BBC News
• ‘Asian Economic Outlook “Bleak”’, 30 March, 2009; CNN
• ‘Housing Market a “Time Bomb”’, 15 June, 2010; The Australian
• ‘Stock Markets Face “Bloodbath”’, 26 Aug, 2010; Telegraph UK
• ‘Europe’s Money Markets Freeze as Crisis Escalates’, 2 Aug, 2011; Reuters
• ‘Europe’s Debt Crisis Puts Australia at Risk’, 10 Nov, 2011; News.com.au
• ‘Australia Faces Growing Risk of Recession’, 21 Aug, 2012; The Australian
• ‘Bloodbath to Hit Australian Real Estate’, 19, Jan 2012; News.com.au
• ‘Australia May Be on the Brink of a New Collapse’ 18, Aug, 2013; Guardian
• ‘For Stocks, Last Six Months Could be Tough to Match’, 1 July, 2013; CNBC
• ‘Are We Facing Another Financial Crisis?’, 18 Nov, 2014; The Conversation
• ‘Australia on Road to Recession as Car Industry Closes’, 11 Feb, 2014; SMH
• ‘Australia Faces 50% Chance of Recession By 2017’, 25 March 2015; SMH
• ‘Why China’s Stock Market Meltdown Could Hurt Us All’, 8 July, 2015; Time
• ‘RBS Cries “Sell Everything” as Crisis Nears’, 11 Jan, 2016; Telegraph UK
• ‘Brexit to Bring Recession and Contagion’, 27 June, 2016; Business Insider
• ‘A Trump Win Would Sink Stocks’, 24 Oct, 2016; CNN
• ‘Storm that May Cause the Next Crash is Brewing’, 16, Oct 2017’; The Street
To be fair, many of those headlines accurately reflected concerns in some corners of the market at the time they were written. For instance, swine flu may have turned into a global pandemic. The Euro Zone crisis of 2011 and 2012 generated real fears of a break-up of the single currency zone.
But we need to put these into events into a wider context. From our experience in advising private clients over the past 15 years here are 6 common sense insights which may help navigate these challenges:
• First, understand how markets work. Breaking news is quickly built into prices. Often by the time you read about an event, the markets are worrying about something else. (To illustrate this danger, look at global shares over this 10-year period. In 2008, the MSCI World Index delivered a negative return of just over 25%. But it rose in seven of the next nine years to deliver an annualised positive return for the decade of just under 7%.1)
• Second, understand how media works. Competition for eyeballs has intensified in recent years as online news and the mobile devices have put real-time information on tap for everybody. With the facts already known, news coverage increasingly becomes dominated by speculation and opinion.
• Third, ponder on the motivations of, journalists and instant pundits. Noise is their currency. What’s important in their world is not so much what is happening, but that there is always something happening. Otherwise, they feel like the fire brigade without a fire to put out.
• Fourth, accept what you can and can’t control. News can be diverting and interesting, it’s true. And there’s nothing wrong with taking an active interest in world events. But as long-term investors, acting on news that is already priced into markets can be counter-productive. The risk is something else then happens and all you’ve achieved is to realise a loss.
• Fifth, focus on what you can control – like how your assets are allocated across and within shares, bonds, property and cash, the degree of diversification in your portfolio, what you pay in costs and taxes and the regular rebalancing of your portfolio.
• Finally, all of this is easier if you have a trusted financial adviser who can keep you disciplined and true to your original intentions. Because they know you, understand your risk appetite and are aware of your goals, the story always starts with you and not with what’s in the headlines.
None of this is to downplay the tragedy of real events or to deny the magnitude of whatever is happening in the world but taking a human interest in global affairs and looking after your own welfare need not be incompatible concepts.
1. Source: Dimensional Matrix Book, 2018: MSCI World Index (gross dividends) © MSCI 2018.
This advice may not be suitable to you because it contains general advice that has not been tailored to your personal circumstances. Please seek personal financial and tax/or legal advice prior to acting on this information. Before acquiring a financial product a person should obtain a Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) relating to that product and consider the contents of the PDS before making a decision about whether to acquire the product. The material contained in this document is based on information received in good faith from sources within the market, and on our understanding of legislation and Government press releases at the date of publication, which are believed to be reliable and accurate. Opinions constitute our judgment at the time of issue and are subject to change. Neither, the Licensee or any of the Oreana Group of companies, nor their employees or directors give any warranty of accuracy, nor accept any responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. Gordon Thoms and David Conte of Calibre Private Wealth Advisers are Authorised Representatives of Oreana Financial Services Limited ABN 91 607 515 122, an Australian Financial Services Licensee, Registered office at Level 7, 484 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004. This site is designed for Australian residents only. Nothing on this website is an offer or a solicitation of an offer to acquire any products or services, by any person or entity outside of Australia.